The Modern Federalist Papers (2010)Origional Federalist Papers
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MODERN FEDERALIST. No. 12
To the People of the Unites States of America:
The Preamble: Promote the General Welfare
“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessing of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”
Dominion means control, and control requires exclusiveness, private rights to property. Without property rights, four things would occure.
The early American colonist had much to say about property and property rights. The efforts of the king to take their property through taxes without their consent was denounced as a violation of the English comon law. One of the worst sins of government was the exercise of its coercive taxing powers to take property from one group and to give it to another.
Property is the fruit of labor. Property is desirable, is a positive good in the world. That some should be rich shows that others may become rich hence is just encouragement to industry and enterprise. Let not him who is houseless pull down the house of another, but let him work diligently to build one for himself, thus by example assuring that his own shall be save from violence... I take it that it is best for all to leave each man free to acquire property as fast as he can. Some will get wealthy. I don't believe in a law to prevent a man from getting rich; it would do more harm than good. (The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty, Abraham Linclon)
To protect property is to protect a person's LIFE. An industrious person who puts effort into obtaining, by labor, has projected his very being into that labor. He has nurished nature into providing to him substanance. Ownership is accuired by removing something from nature and mixing with it his labor and making it something unique, and thereby makes it his property. To give a man liberty but take from him his property, which is the fruit of his labor, is to still leave him a slave.
In early years the American courts held that the exproprirting of property to transfer to other citizens was unlawful, being completely outside of the constitutional power delegated to the goverment. Even the Supreme Court had declared:
No man would become a member of a community in which he could not enjoy the fruits of his honest labor and industry. The preservation of property, then, is a primary object of the social compact... The legislature, therefore, had no authority to make an act divesting one citizen of his freehold, and vesgting it in another, without a just compensation.Americans have never tolerated the suffering and starvation which have plagued the rest of the world, but until the present generation help was given almost exclusively by the private sector or on the community or state level. President Grover Cleveland vetoed legislation in his day designed to spend federal taxes for private welfare problems. He wrote:
If it corrupts a society for the government to take care of the poor by violating the principle of property rights, what then is "Promote the General Welfare" in the preamble of the United States Constitution?
Adam Smith's free-enterprise economics was first tried in America. Therefore, the United States was the first people to undertake the structuring of its whole economy based on "Free Enterprise. The Four Laws of Economic Freedom:
By 1905 the United States had become the RICHEST INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD! With only 5% of the earth's continental land area and merely 6% of the world's population, the American people were producing over 50% of almost EVERYTING!
The Founding Fathers agreed with Adam Smith that the greatest threat to economic prosperity is the arbitrary intervention of the government into to ecomomic affairs of private business and the buying public. (fixing wages, fixed production, subsidizing products, monopolies, etc.) However, there are four areas of legitimate responsibility.
It is true that any system needs some fine tuning and adjustments. But our Congressional leader have "thrown the baby out with the bathwater." Many of our problems are being aggravated by the very people who want a new system. It was the climate of free enterprise with the philosophies of Adam Smith which made this country great. It is the compromising of this "free enterprise" system with controls and extensive government involvement in socialsim and collectivism which has hampered and led to not "PROMOTE THE GENERAL WELFARE"
We have become an economy built on debt instead of wealth. Thomas Jefferson's protest was as follows:
At the time we were funding our national debt, we heard much about "a public debt being a public blessing"; that the stock representing it was a creation of active capital for the aliment of commerce, manufactures and agriculture. This paradox was well adapted to the minds of believers in dreams...
If the United States would conform to true Free-Economic system of finances then...
It will pay off its debts and be without debt. It will have all the money necessary to carry on its commerce. It will become properous beyond precedent in the history of the civilized government of the world. The brains and the wealth of all countries will go to North America. The government of the United States Constitution with its Free-Enterprise system must be destroyed OR IT WILL DESTROY EVERY MONARCHY ON THE GLOBE. (London Times Editorial)
We should all be compelled to read The Wealth of Nations.PUBLIUS.
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