72 Hour Bug Out Kit - The first thing to consider is that you need three days of food which you can use while making preparations for a permanent food supply. Choose foods which should not need cooking or a lot of preparations.
Two Week Supply - Consider maintaining a two weeks supply in your pantry of the foods which you normally use on a daily basis. These would include canned goods, dry mixes, and other staples on your cupboard shelves. Be sure to check expiration dates and follow the practice of first-in, first-out. As you stock food, take into account your family's unique needs and tastes. Familiar foods are important. They lift morale and give a feeling of security in times of stress. So rotate your supplies and cook "emergency" food recipes weekly. Try to include foods that they will enjoy and that are also high in calories and nutrition. Foods that require no refrigeration, water, special preparation, or cooking are good.
Long-TermFood Supplies - Next you need to think in terms of long term storage. In the event national disaster, you will need long-term emergency food supplies. The best approach is to store large amounts of staples along with a variety of canned and dried foods. Bulk quantities of wheat, corn, beans, rice and salt are inexpensive and have nearly unlimited shelf life (30+ years). If necessary, you could survive for years on small daily amounts of these staples. Don't forget spices and vitamins.
Food Guide Click on "Food Storage" then Click on "Mormon Food Guide"
Special Needs Food
Individuals with special diets and allergies will need particular attention, as will babies, toddlers, and the elderly. Nursing mothers may need liquid formula, in case they are unable to nurse. Canned dietetic foods, juices, and soups may be helpful for ill or elderly people. Make sure you have a manual can opener and disposable utensils.
Don't forget nonperishable foods for your pets.
Flood water is putrid and unsanitary and contains many types of disease bacteria. Any food or food container which contacts flood water must be considered contaminated. Wash all food containers (cans) before opening. Be sure that raw fruits and vegetables are washed and cooked.
If the Electricity Goes Off
FIRST... Use perishable food from the refrigerator, pantry, garden, etc.
THEN... Use the foods from the freezer. To limit the number of times you open the freezer door, post a list of freezer contents on it. In a well-filled, well-insulated freezer, foods will usually still have ice crystals in their centers (meaning foods are safe to eat) for at least two days. Check to make sure the seal on your freezer door is still in good condition. You can preserve food longer by using ice.
FINALLY... Begin to use non-perishable foods and staples.
How to Cook if power goes out
For emergency cooking indoors, you can use a fireplace. A charcoal grill or camp stove can be used outdoors. You can keep cooked food hot by using candle warmers, chafing dishes, and fondue pots. Canned food can be eaten right out of the can. If you heat it in the can, be sure to open the can and remove the label before heating. Always make sure to extinguish open flames before leaving the room.
When food supplies are low. If activity is reduced, healthy people can survive on half their usual food intake for an extended period and without any food for many days. Food, unlike water, may be rationed safely, except for children and pregnant women. If your water supply is limited, don't eat salty foods, since they will make you thirsty. Instead, eat salt-free crackers, whole grain cereals, and canned foods with high liquid content.
A friend of mine survived WWII in Hungary for years on soup. He said you can add what you have as you get it (vegetables and meat)& and keep the soup going at all times. The nutrition you add stays in the soup. You don't need to worry about sanitation as much because the water and contents are boiled and cooked. He said when it comes to survival think soup, soup, soup.
Emergency Cook Stove
How about investing in a multi-fuel stove which runs on white gas, kerosene, jet fuel (Jet-A) and unleaded automobile fuel for emergency cooking?
Some Interesting Food links:
REI <= MSR Multi Fuel Stove
Britelyt <= Multi Fuel Stove